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The Human Factor of Cybercrime

Cybercrimes are often viewed as technical offences that require technical solutions, such as antivirus programs or automated intrusion detection tools. However, these crimes are committed by individuals or networks of people which prey upon human victims and are detected and prosecuted by criminal justice personnel. As a result, human decision-making plays a substantial role in the course of an offence, the justice response, and policymakers’ attempts to legislate against these crimes. This book focuses on the human factor in cybercrime: its offenders, victims, and parties involved in tackling cybercrime.

Traditional criminal or new offender types?

The distinct nature of cybercrime has consequences for the entire spectrum of crime and raises myriad questions about the nature of offending and victimization. For example, are cybercriminals the same as traditional offenders, or are there new offender types with distinct characteristics and motives? What foreground and situational characteristics influence the decision-making process of offenders? Which personal and situational characteristics provide an increased or decreased risk of cybercrime victimization? This book brings together leading criminologists from around the world to consider these questions and examine all facets of victimization, offending, offender networks, and policy responses.

Publication details and further reading

Leukfeldt, R. & Holt, T. (2019) The Human Factor of Cybercrime. Routledge.

dr. Rutger Leukfeldt

About dr. Rutger Leukfeldt


Rutger Leukfeldt is a senior researcher Cybercrime at the NSCR and lector Cybersecurity and SMEs at The Hague University of Applied Sciences. Rutger obtained his doctorate on a study into the development and growth processes of cybercriminal networks. Rutger also carried out various cybercrime investigations in the past ten years for clients from both public and private domains. For instance, research into methods and perpetrator characteristics of cyber criminals, research into victimization of cybercrime and research into the flow of cybercrime cases within the criminal justice system. In 2015, Rutger received a Marie Curie Individual Fellowship to study the changed organization of criminal networks. In 2017 he received an NWO Veni grant to study the offline side of cyber crime. Furthermore, since 2017 he has been chairman of the Cybercrime Working Group of the European Society of Criminology.

Rutger is a member of the Cybercrime Cluster.

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